Thomas J. Sugrue is Professor of Social and Cultural Analysis and History at New York University and director of NYU’s new global urban collaborative. From 1991 to 2015, he was on the faculty at the University of Pennsylvania and was the founding director of the Penn Social Science and Policy Forum. Sugrue is a historian of the United States in the twentieth century who has written about urban politics and policy, civil rights, presidential politics, and race and ethnicity. His publications include These United States: The Making of a Nation, 1890 to the Present (Norton, 2015), with Glenda Gilmore; Not Even Past: Barack Obama and the Burden of Race (Princeton University Press, 2010); Sweet Land of Liberty: The Forgotten Struggle for Civil Rights in the North (Random House, 2008), and The Origins of the Urban Crisis (Princeton University Press, 1996/2014), winner of the Bancroft Prize, the Bancroft Prize, the Philip Taft Prize in Labor History, and the President’s Book Award of the Social Science History Association. Sugrue contributes to the New York Times, Washington Post, London Review of Books, Wall Street Journal, The New Yorker, and The Nation. He is currently writing a history of real estate and the making of modern America.