James Miller is Professor of Politics and Liberal Studies at the New School for Social Research, and the author most recently of Examined Lives: From Socrates to Nietzsche, one of the New York Times "100 Notable Books" of 2011. Other books include The Passion of Michel Foucault, which has been translated into more than a dozen languages; Rousseau: Dreamer of Democracy; and Democracy is in the Streets: From Port Huron to the Siege of Chicago, like the Foucault book a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle award for non-fiction. From 2000 to 2008, he edited Dædalus, the journal of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences. He has been a Guggenheim Fellow, an NEH Fellow twice, and in 2006-2007 he was a Fellow at the Dorothy and Lewis B. Cullman Center for Scholars and Writers at the New York Public Library. A native of Chicago, he was educated at Pomona College in California, and at Brandeis University, where he received a Ph.D. in the History of Ideas in 1976.